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  <mods:titleInfo displayLabel='primary_display' usage='primary'>
    <mods:title>Map of battles on Bull Run, near Manassas, on the line of Fairfax &amp; Prince William Counties, in Virginia, fought between the forces of the Confederate States and of the United States of America</mods:title>
    <mods:subTitle>Gene'ls. Beauregard and Johnston commanding the Confederate and Genl. McDoweel, the United States forces, on the 21st of July, 1861, from 7 a.m.-9 p.m</mods:subTitle>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:name type='personal'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cre'>Creator</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Bamberger, Shelomoh, ha-Le?vi</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:name type='corporate'>
    <mods:namePart>Waters-Son</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:name type='corporate'>
    <mods:namePart>West &amp; Johnston</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:typeOfResource>cartographic</mods:typeOfResource>
  <mods:genre authority='gmgpc' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials' displayLabel='general' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials/tgm006261'>Maps</mods:genre>
  <mods:originInfo>
    <mods:publisher>West &amp; Johnston</mods:publisher>
    <mods:place>
      <mods:placeTerm type='text'>Richmond, Va</mods:placeTerm>
    </mods:place>
    <mods:dateCreated encoding='w3cdtf' keyDate='yes' qualifier='inferred'>1861</mods:dateCreated>
    <mods:issuance>monographic</mods:issuance>
  </mods:originInfo>
  <mods:language>
    <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
  </mods:language>
  <mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
    <mods:extent>1 map ; 19 x 24 cm.</mods:extent>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/tiff</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jpeg</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jp2</mods:internetMediaType>
  </mods:physicalDescription>
  <mods:abstract>Torn in Two: The first major battle of the war occurred July 21, 1861, near Manassas, Virginia, an important railroad junction approximately 25 miles west of Washington, DC. This map, published in Richmond, is one of only a few examples of battle maps produced by a commercial publisher within the Confederacy. This relatively simple diagram used pictorial symbols and text to provide a detailed account of the battle. As indicated in the map’s title, the battle was known by various names. The Confederates, who named battles for nearby towns, knew it as the Battle of Manassas. For the Union army, which often named battles for nearby rivers or streams, it was the Battle of Bull Run.</mods:abstract>
  <mods:note>Relief shown pictorially.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Includes text.</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='statement of responsibility'>made from observation by Solomon Bamberger ; photographed on wood from the original drawings &amp; engraved by Waters &amp; Son.</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='exhibitions'>Exhibited: "Torn in Two: The 150th Anniversary of the Civil War" organized by the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library, 2011.</mods:note>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>Bull Run, 1st Battle of, Va., 1861--Maps</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>Manassas (Va.)--Maps</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/2002218'>
    <mods:geographic>Manassas</mods:geographic>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:state>Virginia</mods:state>
      <mods:country>United States</mods:country>
      <mods:continent>North and Central America</mods:continent>
    </mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:scale>Scale ca. 1:42,240.</mods:scale>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='rights' type='use and reproduction'>No known copyright restrictions.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='license' type='use and reproduction'>No known restrictions on use.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:relatedItem type='host'>
    <mods:titleInfo>
      <mods:title>Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Collection</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
  </mods:relatedItem>
  <mods:location>
    <mods:physicalLocation>Boston Public Library</mods:physicalLocation>
    <mods:holdingSimple>
      <mods:copyInformation>
        <mods:subLocation>Norman B. Leventhal Map Center</mods:subLocation>
      </mods:copyInformation>
    </mods:holdingSimple>
  </mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='local-barcode'>39999059026433</mods:identifier>
  <mods:recordInfo>
    <mods:recordContentSource>Boston Public Library</mods:recordContentSource>
    <mods:recordOrigin>human prepared</mods:recordOrigin>
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      <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
    </mods:languageOfCataloging>
    <mods:descriptionStandard authority='marcdescription'>aacr</mods:descriptionStandard>
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  <mods:location>
    <mods:url access='preview'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/xg94j217q/thumbnail</mods:url>
    <mods:url access='object in context' usage='primary'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/xg94j217q</mods:url>
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  <mods:identifier type='uri'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/xg94j217q</mods:identifier>
<mods:identifier type='local-call'>G3884.M25 1861 .M36x</mods:identifier><mods:identifier type='local-other'>06_01_006540</mods:identifier></mods:mods>