<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
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  <mods:titleInfo displayLabel='primary_display' usage='primary'>
    <mods:title>Nowel Amsterdam en Lamerique</mods:title>
    <mods:subTitle>1672</mods:subTitle>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:titleInfo type='alternative'>
    <mods:title>Nowel Amsterdam en l'Amérique : 1672</mods:title>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:titleInfo type='alternative'>
    <mods:title>Nowel Amsterdam en Lameriqve</mods:title>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:name type='personal'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cre'>Creator</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Jollain, Gérard</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type='date'>d. 1683</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:typeOfResource>cartographic</mods:typeOfResource>
  <mods:genre authority='gmgpc' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials' displayLabel='general' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials/tgm006261'>Maps</mods:genre>
  <mods:originInfo>
    <mods:publisher>Iollain</mods:publisher>
    <mods:place>
      <mods:placeTerm type='text'>Paris?</mods:placeTerm>
    </mods:place>
    <mods:dateCreated encoding='w3cdtf' keyDate='yes' qualifier='inferred'>1672</mods:dateCreated>
    <mods:issuance>monographic</mods:issuance>
  </mods:originInfo>
  <mods:language>
    <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/fre'>French</mods:languageTerm>
  </mods:language>
  <mods:language>
    <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/lat'>Latin</mods:languageTerm>
  </mods:language>
  <mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
    <mods:extent>1 map : cloth backing ; 33 x 51 cm.</mods:extent>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/tiff</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jpeg</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jp2</mods:internetMediaType>
  </mods:physicalDescription>
  <mods:note>Bird's-eye view of imaginary city (not New Amsterdam) showing individual buildings and place-names in French.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Relief shown pictorially.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Includes text, inset of "La Nouvelle Holande en l'Amerique", ill. of ships in "Mer du Nort", and coat-of-arms.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Text in Latin and French.</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='statement of responsibility'>Iollain ex.</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='exhibitions'>Exhibited: "Boston &amp; Beyond: A Bird’s Eye View of New England" organized by the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library, 2008.</mods:note>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>Imaginary places--New York (State)--New York--Maps--Early works to 1800</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>New York (N.Y.)--Aerial views--Early works to 1800</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>New York Region--Maps--Early works to 1800</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7007567'>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:state>New York</mods:state>
      <mods:country>United States</mods:country>
      <mods:continent>North and Central America</mods:continent>
      <mods:city>New York</mods:city>
    </mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>40.7,-74</mods:coordinates>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:scale>Scale not given.</mods:scale>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='rights' type='use and reproduction'>No known copyright restrictions.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='license' type='use and reproduction'>No known restrictions on use.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:relatedItem type='host'>
    <mods:titleInfo>
      <mods:title>Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Collection</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
  </mods:relatedItem>
  <mods:location>
    <mods:physicalLocation>Boston Public Library</mods:physicalLocation>
    <mods:holdingSimple>
      <mods:copyInformation>
        <mods:subLocation>Norman B. Leventhal Map Center</mods:subLocation>
      </mods:copyInformation>
    </mods:holdingSimple>
  </mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='local-barcode'>39999052508874</mods:identifier>
  <mods:identifier type='local-call'>G3804.N4A3 1672 .J6</mods:identifier>
  <mods:identifier type='lccn'>2002623791</mods:identifier>
  <mods:recordInfo>
    <mods:recordContentSource>Boston Public Library</mods:recordContentSource>
    <mods:recordOrigin>human prepared</mods:recordOrigin>
    <mods:languageOfCataloging>
      <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
    </mods:languageOfCataloging>
    <mods:descriptionStandard authority='marcdescription'>aacr</mods:descriptionStandard>
  </mods:recordInfo>
  <mods:location>
    <mods:url access='preview'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/x633fb58s/thumbnail</mods:url>
    <mods:url access='object in context' usage='primary'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/x633fb58s</mods:url>
  <mods:url note='iiif-manifest'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/x633fb58s/manifest</mods:url></mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='uri'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/x633fb58s</mods:identifier>
<mods:abstract>One of the earliest European attempts to publish a view of a North American city from a birds eye perspective is this image titled New Amsterdam. Issued in 1672 by French publisher Gerard Jollain, it was deliberately mislabeled.Eight years earlier, the British had captured the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam and renamed it New York. Not only is the map outdated, it is also completely fictitious! In fact the street pattern, the buildings, and the hilly topography are those of late 16th-century Lisbon, Portugal. These elements were copied from a popular image of Lisbon that was originally published in Braun and Hobenbergs Civitates Orbis Terrarum (Cologne, 1572-1617). A Dutch cartographer published a ground-level view of New Amsterdam several years before Jollain issued his view, but it is not likely that a French audience would have been familiar with the more accurate Dutch portrayal. As if to attest to the views geographical accuracy, Jollain added an inset showing the relative location of New Amsterdam within the New Holland colony. He also added place names showing the adjacent British colony of Massachusetts and neighboring Indian groups. The text, in both Latin and French at the bottom of the view, describes New Amsterdam as a Dutch colony.</mods:abstract><mods:identifier type='local-other'>06_01_000904</mods:identifier></mods:mods>