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  <mods:titleInfo displayLabel='primary_display' usage='primary'>
    <mods:title>Map of the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 1863</mods:title>
    <mods:subTitle>Second day's battle</mods:subTitle>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:name type='personal'>
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      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cre'>Creator</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Bachelder, John B. (John Badger)</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type='date'>1825-1894</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:name type='personal'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/ctb'>Contributor</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Bien, Julius</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type='date'>1826-1909</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:name type='personal'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/ctb'>Contributor</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Neumann, Louis E.</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:name type='corporate'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/ctb'>Contributor</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Endicott &amp; Co. (New York, N.Y.)</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:typeOfResource>cartographic</mods:typeOfResource>
  <mods:genre authority='gmgpc' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials' displayLabel='general' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials/tgm006261'>Maps</mods:genre>
  <mods:originInfo>
    <mods:publisher>John B. Bachelder</mods:publisher>
    <mods:place>
      <mods:placeTerm type='text'>Boston</mods:placeTerm>
    </mods:place>
    <mods:dateCreated encoding='w3cdtf' keyDate='yes'>1876</mods:dateCreated>
  </mods:originInfo>
  <mods:language>
    <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
  </mods:language>
  <mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
    <mods:extent>1 map : col. ; 72 x 69 cm, on sheet 95 x 80 cm.</mods:extent>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/tiff</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jpeg</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jp2</mods:internetMediaType>
  </mods:physicalDescription>
  <mods:abstract>Following European military tradition, U.S. Army Engineers published maps for most major battles shortly after the war. However, the Gettysburg after-battle maps were not published until 1876. In comparison to the others, they are quite remarkable. Their production resulted from the collaboration of a civilian, John Bachelder, and a team of Army surveyors under the direction of noted mapmaker, Gen. G. K. Warren. These topographic surveys were so detailed that the resulting maps, issued at a scale of 1 inch equals 1,000 feet, used four-foot contours and shading to represent the terrain. Three maps, rather than one, documented the positions and movements of the armies during the course of the battle.</mods:abstract>
  <mods:note type='exhibitions'>Exhibited: "Torn in Two: The 150th Anniversary of the Civil War" organized by the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library, 2011.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Detailed topographic maps of the Gettysburg battlefield.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Drainage, vegetation, roads, railroads, fences, houses with names of residents, and a detailed plan of the town of Gettysburg is shown.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Topography engraved by Julius Bien ; Positions and lettering by Louis E. Neuman ; Printed by Endicott &amp; Co.</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='statement of responsibility'>Published by authority of the Hon. the Secretary of War, office of the Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army, 1876 ; Positions of troops compiled and added for the Government by John B. Bachelder</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='citation/reference'>LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 325.</mods:note>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>Gettysburg, Battle of, Gettysburg, Pa., 1863--Maps</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>Gettysburg (Pa.)--Maps</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7016023'>
    <mods:geographic>Gettysburg National Military Park</mods:geographic>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:county>Adams</mods:county>
      <mods:country>United States</mods:country>
      <mods:state>Pennsylvania</mods:state>
      <mods:continent>North and Central America</mods:continent>
    </mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>39.8167,-77.2167</mods:coordinates>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:scale>Scale 1:12,000</mods:scale>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='rights' type='use and reproduction'>No known copyright restrictions.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='license' type='use and reproduction'>No known restrictions on use.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition type='restriction on access'/>
  <mods:relatedItem type='host'>
    <mods:titleInfo>
      <mods:title>Special Collections, Rare Books</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
  </mods:relatedItem>
  <mods:location>
    <mods:physicalLocation>Boston Public Library</mods:physicalLocation>
    <mods:holdingSimple>
      <mods:copyInformation>
        <mods:subLocation>Rare Books Department</mods:subLocation>
      </mods:copyInformation>
    </mods:holdingSimple>
  </mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='local-barcode'>39999059030112</mods:identifier>
  <mods:recordInfo>
    <mods:recordContentSource>Boston Public Library</mods:recordContentSource>
    <mods:recordOrigin>human prepared</mods:recordOrigin>
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      <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
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    <mods:url access='preview'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/q524n589j/thumbnail</mods:url>
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  <mods:identifier type='uri'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/q524n589j</mods:identifier>
<mods:identifier type='local-call'>BPL Rare Books Dept. 20th Cab. 2.3.2</mods:identifier><mods:identifier type='local-other'>06_01_007206</mods:identifier></mods:mods>