<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
<mods:mods xmlns:mods='http://www.loc.gov/mods/v3' xsi:schemaLocation='http://www.loc.gov/mods/v3 http://www.loc.gov/standards/mods/v3/mods-3-5.xsd' version='3.5' xmlns:xlink='http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink' xmlns:xsi='http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance'>
  <mods:titleInfo displayLabel='primary_display' usage='primary'>
    <mods:title>Typus cosmographicus uniuersalis</mods:title>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:titleInfo type='alternative'>
    <mods:title>Typvs cosmographicvs vniversalis</mods:title>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:titleInfo type='alternative'>
    <mods:title>Typus cosmographicus universalis</mods:title>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:name authority='naf' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names' type='personal' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n88079882'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cre'>Creator</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Münster, Sebastian</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type='date'>1489-1552</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:name authority='naf' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names' type='personal' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n81117179'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/ctb'>Contributor</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Holbein, Hans</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type='date'>1497-1543.</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:typeOfResource>cartographic</mods:typeOfResource>
  <mods:genre authority='gmgpc' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials' displayLabel='general' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials/tgm006261'>Maps</mods:genre>
  <mods:originInfo>
    <mods:publisher>[s.n.]</mods:publisher>
    <mods:place>
      <mods:placeTerm type='text'>Basel</mods:placeTerm>
    </mods:place>
    <mods:dateCreated encoding='w3cdtf' keyDate='yes'>1532</mods:dateCreated>
  </mods:originInfo>
  <mods:language>
    <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/lat'>Latin</mods:languageTerm>
  </mods:language>
  <mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
    <mods:extent>1 map ; 40 x 55 cm.</mods:extent>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/tiff</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jpeg</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jp2</mods:internetMediaType>
  </mods:physicalDescription>
  <mods:abstract>Decorated with sea monsters, mermaids, exotic animals, and cannibals, this wood cut map provides a marked contrast to the simplistic diagrams considered the earliest printed world maps. While the latter presented a world view based in Judeo-Christian theology, this uniquely ornamented map emphasized the strange and fanciful discoveries emanating from European explorations in America, Africa, and Asia. Most likely prepared by the geographer Sebastian Münster and decorated by the artist Hans Holbien the Younger, this map illustrated the Basel edition of Novus Orbis Regionum, a collection of early voyage accounts, first published in 1532 and republished in 1555. The French edition of the same book (also published in 1532) included Oronce Fine's double cordiform map). Underscoring Europeans' dilemma during the first quarter of the 16th century in rationalizing the New World discoveries, Münster's map followed the model of Waldseemüller and Apianus showing the New World discoveries as a separate continent named America placed between two distinctly separate oceans. Fine's map was more ambiguous, showing a fairly accurately delineated America, but attached to the Asian mainland in the northern latitudes.</mods:abstract>
  <mods:note>Relief shown pictorially.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Appears in Johann Huttich's Novus orbis regionum. Basel. 1532.</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='statement of responsibility'>[Sebastian Münster, Hans Holbein]</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='citation/reference'>Shirley, R.W. Mapping of the world, 67</mods:note>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>World maps--Early works to 1800</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>-180.0 -90.0 180.0 90.0</mods:coordinates>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:scale>Scale [ca .1:35,000,000]</mods:scale>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='rights' type='use and reproduction'>Rights status not evaluated.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='license' type='use and reproduction'>Contact host institution for more information.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:relatedItem type='host'>
    <mods:titleInfo>
      <mods:title>Sidney R. Knafel Map Collection at Phillips Academy, Andover MA</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
  </mods:relatedItem>
  <mods:location>
    <mods:physicalLocation>Phillips Academy Andover</mods:physicalLocation>
  </mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='local-other'>1343</mods:identifier>
  <mods:recordInfo>
    <mods:recordContentSource>Boston Public Library</mods:recordContentSource>
    <mods:recordOrigin>human prepared</mods:recordOrigin>
    <mods:languageOfCataloging>
      <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
    </mods:languageOfCataloging>
    <mods:descriptionStandard authority='marcdescription'>aacr</mods:descriptionStandard>
  </mods:recordInfo>
  <mods:location>
    <mods:url access='preview'>http://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/j38608070/thumbnail</mods:url>
    <mods:url access='object in context' usage='primary'>http://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/j38608070</mods:url>
  </mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='uri'>http://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/j38608070</mods:identifier>
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