<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
<mods:mods xmlns:mods='http://www.loc.gov/mods/v3' xsi:schemaLocation='http://www.loc.gov/mods/v3 http://www.loc.gov/standards/mods/v3/mods-3-5.xsd' version='3.5' xmlns:xlink='http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink' xmlns:xsi='http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance'>
  <mods:titleInfo displayLabel='primary_display' usage='primary'>
    <mods:title>Ensign, Bridgman &amp; Fanning's rail road map of the United States, showing the depots &amp; stations</mods:title>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:titleInfo type='alternative'>
    <mods:title>Rail road map of the United States</mods:title>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:name type='corporate'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cre'>Creator</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Ensign, Bridgman &amp; Fanning</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:name type='personal'>
    <mods:namePart>Barnard, William S.</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type='date'>b. ca. 1809</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:typeOfResource>cartographic</mods:typeOfResource>
  <mods:genre authority='gmgpc' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials' displayLabel='general' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials/tgm006261'>Maps</mods:genre>
  <mods:originInfo>
    <mods:publisher>Ensign, Bridgman &amp; Fanning</mods:publisher>
    <mods:place>
      <mods:placeTerm type='text'>New York</mods:placeTerm>
    </mods:place>
    <mods:dateCreated encoding='w3cdtf' keyDate='yes'>1859</mods:dateCreated>
    <mods:issuance>monographic</mods:issuance>
  </mods:originInfo>
  <mods:language>
    <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
  </mods:language>
  <mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
    <mods:extent>1 map : col. ; 71 x 79 cm.</mods:extent>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/tiff</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jpeg</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jp2</mods:internetMediaType>
  </mods:physicalDescription>
  <mods:abstract>At first glance, this vibrant map depicts a prosperous and unified country, accentuated by a cartouche adorned with an eagle symbolizing national unity. A vignette displays a train and steamboat departing the countryside for the city, suggesting a natural progression of economic development. However, closer examination reveals major regional differences. The North appears as a dense pattern of geographic information, dotted with cities and towns connected by a complex railroad network. By contrast, the rural southern states reflect much less urban development and railroad mileage. These opposing settlement patterns reflected differing ways of life that underlay the frictions threatening to tear the country apart. Two regions that did not share a common economy, culture, or philosophy concerning slavery constituted this divided "nation."</mods:abstract>
  <mods:note>Inset: Plan of the New England states.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Identifies individual railroad lines.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Table lists major railroads.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Cartouche includes contemporary locomotive and train.</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='statement of responsibility'>engraved by W. S. Barnard.</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='exhibitions'>Exhibited: "Torn in Two: The 150th Anniversary of the Civil War" organized by the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library, 2011.</mods:note>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>Railroads--United States--Maps</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>Railroads--New England--Maps</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>United States--Maps</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>New England--Maps</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7014203'>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:country>United States</mods:country>
      <mods:continent>North and Central America</mods:continent>
      <mods:area>New England</mods:area>
    </mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>-97.0 29.0 -67.0 48.0</mods:coordinates>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:scale>Scale [ca. 1:2,950,000]</mods:scale>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='rights' type='use and reproduction'>No known copyright restrictions.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='license' type='use and reproduction'>No known restrictions on use.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:relatedItem type='host'>
    <mods:titleInfo>
      <mods:title>Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Collection</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
  </mods:relatedItem>
  <mods:location>
    <mods:physicalLocation>Boston Public Library</mods:physicalLocation>
    <mods:holdingSimple>
      <mods:copyInformation>
        <mods:subLocation>Norman B. Leventhal Map Center</mods:subLocation>
      </mods:copyInformation>
    </mods:holdingSimple>
  </mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='local-barcode'>39999059026326</mods:identifier>
  <mods:recordInfo>
    <mods:recordContentSource>Boston Public Library</mods:recordContentSource>
    <mods:recordOrigin>human prepared</mods:recordOrigin>
    <mods:languageOfCataloging>
      <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
    </mods:languageOfCataloging>
    <mods:descriptionStandard authority='marcdescription'>aacr</mods:descriptionStandard>
  </mods:recordInfo>
  <mods:location>
    <mods:url access='preview'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/cj82m2577/thumbnail</mods:url>
    <mods:url access='object in context' usage='primary'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/cj82m2577</mods:url>
  <mods:url note='iiif-manifest'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/cj82m2577/manifest</mods:url></mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='uri'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/cj82m2577</mods:identifier>
<mods:identifier type='local-call'>G3701.P3 1859 .E57</mods:identifier><mods:identifier type='local-other'>06_01_006525</mods:identifier></mods:mods>