<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
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  <mods:titleInfo displayLabel='primary_display' usage='primary'>
    <mods:title>Anthony Burns</mods:title>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:name type='personal'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cre'>Creator</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/egr'>Engraver</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Andrews, John</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:typeOfResource>still image</mods:typeOfResource>
  <mods:genre authority='gmgpc' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials' displayLabel='general' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials/tgm008237'>Prints</mods:genre>
  <mods:originInfo>
    <mods:dateCreated encoding='w3cdtf' keyDate='yes' qualifier='inferred'>1855</mods:dateCreated>
  </mods:originInfo>
  <mods:tableOfContents>The prison -- The sale -- Arrest in Boston -- The escape on shipboard -- Departure from Boston -- The address.</mods:tableOfContents>
  <mods:language>
    <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
  </mods:language>
  <mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
    <mods:extent>1 print : wood engraving with letterpress ; sheet 49 x 39 cm.</mods:extent>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/tiff</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jpeg</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jp2</mods:internetMediaType>
  </mods:physicalDescription>
  <mods:abstract>Print shows a portrait of the fugitive slave Anthony Burns, whose arrest and trial under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 touched off riots and protests by abolitionists and citizens of Boston in the spring of 1854. A bust portrait of the twenty-four-year-old Burns is surrounded by scenes from his life. These include (clockwise from lower left): the sale of the youthful Burns at auction, a whipping post with bales of cotton, his arrest in Boston on May 24, 1854, his escape from Richmond on shipboard, his departure from Boston escorted by federal marshals and troops, Burns's "address" (to the court?), and finally Burns in prison. Copyrighting works such as prints and pamphlets under the name of the subject (here Anthony Burns) was a common abolitionist practice. This was no doubt the case in this instance, since by 1855 Burns had in fact been returned to his owner in Virginia. (Source: Reilly). Of the many fugitive slaves coming to Boston, one who received considerable publicity was Anthony Burns. Escaping slavery in Virginia, he ran away to Boston. In 1854, he was arrested and tried, under provisions of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act. Following a protest rally at Faneuil Hall and attempts to “rescue“ him, President Franklin Pierce sent Federal marshals to ensure order and a military escort for Burns' return to Virginia. Eventually, Boston sympathizers purchased his freedom. The case stirred passions among those who had been indifferent. While the ultimate statement of slaves as property would come with the 1857 Dred Scott decision, the Burns case was one more step on the road to disunion.</mods:abstract>
  <mods:note>Reproduction of the original in the Boston Public Library, Print Department.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1855, by Anthony Burns in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Massachusetts.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Original: Boston Public Library, Print Department, Boston : R.M. Edwards, printer, 129 Congress Street, 1855.</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='statement of responsibility'>drawn by Barry from a daguereotype [sic] by Whipple &amp; Black ; John Andrews, sc.</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='exhibitions'>Exhibited: "Torn in Two: The 150th Anniversary of the Civil War" organized by the Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library, 2011.</mods:note>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>Slavery</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject>
    <mods:name authority='naf' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names' type='personal' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n50034513'>
      <mods:namePart>Burns, Anthony</mods:namePart>
      <mods:namePart type='date'>1834-1862</mods:namePart>
    </mods:name>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='rights' type='use and reproduction'>No known copyright restrictions.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='license' type='use and reproduction'>No known restrictions on use.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition type='restriction on access'/>
  <mods:relatedItem type='host'>
    <mods:titleInfo>
      <mods:title>Print Department Collection</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
  </mods:relatedItem>
  <mods:location>
    <mods:physicalLocation>Boston Public Library</mods:physicalLocation>
    <mods:holdingSimple>
      <mods:copyInformation>
        <mods:subLocation>Arts Department</mods:subLocation>
      </mods:copyInformation>
    </mods:holdingSimple>
  </mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='local-barcode'>39999065690503</mods:identifier>
  <mods:recordInfo>
    <mods:recordContentSource>Boston Public Library</mods:recordContentSource>
    <mods:recordOrigin>human prepared</mods:recordOrigin>
    <mods:languageOfCataloging>
      <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
    </mods:languageOfCataloging>
    <mods:descriptionStandard authority='marcdescription'>aacr</mods:descriptionStandard>
  </mods:recordInfo>
  <mods:location>
    <mods:url access='preview'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/4m90fk28r/thumbnail</mods:url>
    <mods:url access='object in context' usage='primary'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/4m90fk28r</mods:url>
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  <mods:identifier type='uri'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/4m90fk28r</mods:identifier>
<mods:identifier type='local-call'>E450 .B923 1855</mods:identifier><mods:identifier type='local-other'>06_01_007179</mods:identifier></mods:mods>