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  <mods:titleInfo displayLabel='primary_display' supplied='yes' usage='primary'>
    <mods:nonSort>The </mods:nonSort>
    <mods:title>world</mods:title>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:name type='personal'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cre'>Creator</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Ptolemy, active 2nd century</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:name type='personal'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/prt'>Printer</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Hol, Lienhart</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:name type='personal'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/egr'>Engraver</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Schnitzer, Johannes</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:typeOfResource>cartographic</mods:typeOfResource>
  <mods:genre authority='gmgpc' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials' displayLabel='general' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials/tgm006261'>Maps</mods:genre>
  <mods:originInfo>
    <mods:publisher>Lienhart Hol</mods:publisher>
    <mods:place>
      <mods:placeTerm type='text'>Ulm</mods:placeTerm>
    </mods:place>
    <mods:dateCreated encoding='w3cdtf' keyDate='yes' qualifier='inferred'>1482</mods:dateCreated>
  </mods:originInfo>
  <mods:language>
    <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/lat'>Latin</mods:languageTerm>
  </mods:language>
  <mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
    <mods:extent>1 map : hand col. ; 40 x 56 cm.</mods:extent>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/tiff</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jpeg</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jp2</mods:internetMediaType>
  </mods:physicalDescription>
  <mods:note>Prime meridian: Ferro.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Title supplied by cataloger.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>At head of map: Insculptum est per Iohane Schnitzer de Armszheim.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Engraved on wood with place names in moveable type.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Includes names of places and natural features.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>In margin: notes on latitude.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Appears in the author's Geographia. Ulm : Lienhart Hol, 16 July 1482.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Includes ill. of windheads.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Cataloging, conservation, and digitization made possible in part by The National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Text in Latin.</mods:note>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects'>
    <mods:topic>World maps</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7029392'>
    <mods:geographic>World</mods:geographic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>-18.0 -25.0 162.0 65.0</mods:coordinates>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:scale>Scale [ca. 1:35,000,000]</mods:scale>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='rights' type='use and reproduction'>No known copyright restrictions.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='license' type='use and reproduction'>No known restrictions on use.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition type='restriction on access'/>
  <mods:relatedItem type='host'>
    <mods:titleInfo>
      <mods:title>Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Collection</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
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  <mods:location>
    <mods:physicalLocation>Boston Public Library</mods:physicalLocation>
    <mods:holdingSimple>
      <mods:copyInformation>
        <mods:subLocation>Norman B. Leventhal Map Center</mods:subLocation>
      </mods:copyInformation>
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  </mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='local-barcode'>30000003117916</mods:identifier>
  <mods:recordInfo>
    <mods:recordContentSource>Boston Public Library</mods:recordContentSource>
    <mods:recordOrigin>human prepared</mods:recordOrigin>
    <mods:languageOfCataloging>
      <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
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    <mods:descriptionStandard authority='marcdescription'>aacr</mods:descriptionStandard>
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  <mods:location>
    <mods:url access='preview'>http://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/3f462s124/thumbnail</mods:url>
    <mods:url access='object in context' usage='primary'>http://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/3f462s124</mods:url>
  </mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='uri'>http://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/3f462s124</mods:identifier>
<mods:identifier type='local-call'>G1005 .P7 1482</mods:identifier><mods:abstract>The classical Greek and Roman world view is known to us through the writings of Claudius Ptolemy, a 2nd century A.D. astronomer, mathematician, and geographer who lived in Alexandria, Egypt. Although his original manuscript no longer exists, various copies survived through the Middle Ages. With the advent of the printing press in the late-15th century, it was one the first geographical texts printed. The first printed editions of "Geographia" included a world map and 26 regional maps. These maps depicted the extent of the world as known to the ancient Greeks and Romans, which focused on the lands bordering the Mediterranean -- Europe, northern Africa, and western and southern Asia. Despite the disclosure of New World discoveries, such maps still had a strong influence on the Europeans' geographical concept of the world. Unfortunately for the early explorers, this world image underestimated the Earth's circumference and overestimated the breadth of the Eurasian land mass. While the first printed edition of "Geographia" that included maps was published in Bolgona in 1477, the Ulm edition was the first printed north of the Alps and the first to include wood cut printed maps. New and updated versions of "Geographia" were printed until the mid-19th century.</mods:abstract><mods:note>Cataloging, conservation, and digitization made possible in part by The National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor.</mods:note><mods:note>Atlas scanned by Internet Archive http://www.archive.org/details/cosmographia00ptol</mods:note><mods:identifier type='local-other'>05_01_000200</mods:identifier></mods:mods>