<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
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  <mods:titleInfo displayLabel='primary_display' usage='primary'>
    <mods:title>United States</mods:title>
  </mods:titleInfo>
  <mods:name authority='local' authorityURI='' type='personal'>
    <mods:role>
      <mods:roleTerm authority='marcrelator' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/ctg'>Cartographer</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:namePart>Roys, Laura A.</mods:namePart>
  </mods:name>
  <mods:typeOfResource manuscript='yes'>cartographic</mods:typeOfResource>
  <mods:genre authority='gmgpc' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials' displayLabel='general' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/graphicMaterials/tgm006261'>Maps</mods:genre>
  <mods:originInfo>
    <mods:dateCreated encoding='w3cdtf' keyDate='yes'>1858</mods:dateCreated>
  </mods:originInfo>
  <mods:language>
    <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
  </mods:language>
  <mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
    <mods:extent>1 manuscript map : hand color ; 31 x 39 cm</mods:extent>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/tiff</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jpeg</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jp2</mods:internetMediaType>
  </mods:physicalDescription>
  <mods:abstract>This manuscript, or hand drawn, map of the United States, was made by a Connecticut girl most likely as a school assignment when she was roughly twelve years old.  Laura Roys may have been a student at the Hartford Female Seminary ? an all-female academy in Hartford, Connecticut, founded by Catherine Beecher.  Copying or tracing maps onto paper was a common assignment for both girls and boys attending academies in the 19th century, as students simultaneously practiced geography, and the necessary skill of penmanship.  Miss Roys? United States map displayed here has similarities to a map of the country produced for the Senate in 1855.  A map of the state of Connecticut from 1857, also drawn by Roys when she was a student, is in the Leventhal Map Center collection.</mods:abstract>
  <mods:note>Relief shown pictorially.</mods:note>
  <mods:note>Manuscript map in ink by a schoolgirl. State boundaries outlined in color.</mods:note>
  <mods:note type='statement of responsibility'>Laura A. Roys</mods:note>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85140377'>
    <mods:topic>United States--Maps</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='lcsh' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85080865'>
    <mods:topic>Manuscript maps</mods:topic>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject authority='tgn' authorityURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/' valueURI='http://vocab.getty.edu/tgn/7012149'>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
      <mods:continent>North and Central America</mods:continent>
      <mods:country>United States</mods:country>
    </mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>38,-98</mods:coordinates>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:coordinates>-125.0 24.0 -65.0 49.0</mods:coordinates>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:subject>
    <mods:cartographics>
      <mods:scale>Scale approximately 1:950,000</mods:scale>
    </mods:cartographics>
  </mods:subject>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='rights' type='use and reproduction'>No known copyright restrictions.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition displayLabel='license' type='use and reproduction'>No known restrictions on use.</mods:accessCondition>
  <mods:accessCondition type='restriction on access'/>
  <mods:relatedItem type='host'>
    <mods:titleInfo>
      <mods:title>Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Collection</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
  </mods:relatedItem>
  <mods:location>
    <mods:physicalLocation>Boston Public Library</mods:physicalLocation>
    <mods:holdingSimple>
      <mods:copyInformation>
        <mods:subLocation>Norman B. Leventhal Map Center</mods:subLocation>
      </mods:copyInformation>
    </mods:holdingSimple>
  </mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='local-other'>06_01_016040</mods:identifier>
  <mods:identifier type='local-barcode'>39999085942199</mods:identifier>
  <mods:identifier type='local-call'>G3700 1858 .R69</mods:identifier>
  <mods:recordInfo>
    <mods:recordContentSource>Boston Public Library</mods:recordContentSource>
    <mods:recordOrigin>human prepared</mods:recordOrigin>
    <mods:languageOfCataloging>
      <mods:languageTerm authority='iso639-2b' authorityURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2' type='text' valueURI='http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/eng'>English</mods:languageTerm>
    </mods:languageOfCataloging>
    <mods:descriptionStandard authority='marcdescription'>rda</mods:descriptionStandard>
  </mods:recordInfo>
  <mods:location>
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    <mods:url access='object in context' usage='primary'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/0r96fn93f</mods:url>
  <mods:url note='iiif-manifest'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/0r96fn93f/manifest</mods:url></mods:location>
  <mods:identifier type='uri'>https://ark.digitalcommonwealth.org/ark:/50959/0r96fn93f</mods:identifier>
</mods:mods>